In the laundries, women organized.
In fact, as Wiebe points out, two of J. Ina man named Ralph Easley, a Republican and conservative, a schoolteacher and journalist, organized the National Civic Federation. The AFL was an exclusive union-almost all male, almost all white, almost all skilled workers.
However, Zinn focuses on the history of the I. They jumped with their clothing ablaze. Some of these feminists married; some did not. The world awoke, and tartly spoke: "Your work is all the same; Work together or work apart, Work, each of you, with all your heart- Just get into the game!
They soon found out the Guard was there to destroy the strike. Debs had become a Socialist during his time in prison; in the early 20th century, he became the president of the American Socialist party. One of his associates in calling the Niagara meeting was William Monroe Trotter, a young black man in Boston, of militant views, who edited a weekly newspaper, the Guardian.
The idea was more efficiency, more stability.Jane Addams, Grace and Edith Abbott, Alice Hamilton, Julia Lathrop, Florence Kelley-all came out of this pioneering generation and set the agenda of social reform for the first two decades of the 20th century. A mass meeting was called of workers in the other shops, and Clara Lemlich, in her teens, an eloquent speaker, still bearing the signs of her recent beating on the picket line, stood up: "I offer a resolution that a general strike be declared now! Negotiations by leaders for contracts replaced continuous struggle by the rank and tile, the Wobblies believed. He watched the United States and other Western countries go about the world and wrote in the New York Herald as the century began: "I bring you the stately matron named Christendom, returning bedraggled, besmirched, and dishonored from pirate raids in Kiao-Chou, Manchuria, South Africa, and the Philippines, with her soul full of meanness, her pocket full of boodle, and her mouth full of pious hypocrisies. Morgan at the head of a great industry, as against the old plan of many diverse interests in it, production would become more regular, labor would be more steadily employed at better wages, and panics caused by over-production would become a thing of the past. We carried banners that said I wanted to speak and write, to travel, to meet people, to see places, to organize for the I. Fundamental conditions did not change, however, for the vast majority of tenant farmers, factory workers, slum dwellers, miners, farm laborers, working men and women, black and white. And shortly after Woodrow Wilson took office there began in Colorado one of the most bitter and violent struggles between workers and corporate capital in the history of the country. Du Bois was a Socialist sympathizer, although only briefly a party member. James Green describes these Southwest radicals, in his book Grass-Roots Socialism, as "indebted homesteaders, migratory tenant farmers, coal miners and railroad workers, 'redbone' lumberjacks from the piney woods, preachers and school teachers from the sunbaked prairies Jail conditions were brutal, and several men died in their cells, but the IWW won the right to speak. In response, the Lawrenceville mayor sent in the militia, and militia members killed or wounded many strikers. The panic of , as well as the growing strength of the Socialists, Wobblies, and trade unions, speeded the process of reform. The Progressive movement, whether led by honest reformers like Senator Robert La Follette of Wisconsin or disguised conservatives like Roosevelt who was the Progressive party candidate for President in , seemed to understand it was fending off socialism.
The panic ofas well as the growing strength of the Socialists, Wobblies, and trade unions, speeded the process of reform. In the year27, workers were killed on the job, in manufacturing, transport, and agriculture.
Why not be sensible about this and call the Negroes into the Convention?